|espnW.com: Olympic Sports|
PYEONGCHANG, South Korea -- South Korea began showing off its new snow sports mecca at the opening of the Special Olympics on Tuesday.
Pyeongchang, the once-sleepy hamlet in the mountains east of the capital, will also host the 2018 Winter Olympics.
But the arrival of 3,000 intellectually disabled athletes from around the world also has spotlighted South Korea's long-criticized treatment of the disabled, who for decades were kept out of the mainstream.
About 5 percent, or 2.5 million, of South Korea's 50 million people are either physically or intellectually disabled. Among them, about 7 percent are intellectually disabled, according to government statistics.
South Korea classifies the physically and intellectually disabled on a scale of one to six based on the severity of their disability. The government says the system guarantees fairness in determining what support each disabled person should receive.
Critics, however, call it a human rights violation, arguing the classification grades bodies "like meat" and stigmatizes the disabled in a society that already disdains them. They also say the six-step breakdown of disability is ineffective in meeting the diverse individual needs of the disabled.
"The classification determines your social status in South Korea if you are disabled," said Jeong Jong-hwa, a professor of welfare studies at Seoul's Samyook University.
South Korea's bid to host the Special Olympics was launched after former lawmaker Na Kyung-won -- herself the mother of a child with Down Syndrome -- attended the Special Olympics in Idaho in 2009.
Na said she was dismayed that South Korea's Special Olympics team was competing with almost no support from the government.
"South Korea boasts a world-class economy, but what I saw in Idaho showed where we stood in our welfare policy for the disabled," Na said in a written interview.
Taking the project on as a personal mission, Na lobbied to improve support for sports for South Korea's intellectually disabled. She will host the opening ceremony of the eight-day Pyeongchang Special Olympics as the games' chief organizer.
The games take place as worries persist that the resort hosting both the Special Olympics and the 2018 Winter Games may go bankrupt this year if the government refuses to extend the expiration of bonds worth hundreds of millions of dollars spent building the venue.
Na said she also extended an invitation to North Korea. Last year, North Korea sent a swimmer to the London Paralympics for the first time.
However, she said she never heard back from Pyongyang. The two Koreas have been divided by a buffer zone guarded by U.N. forces since the end of the 1950-53 Korean War.